The Peruvian Inca Orchid, or the Perro sin Pelo del Peru as the breed is called in Peru, is also known as the Viringo, Perro Chimú, Perro Calato and Perro Chíno.
Here, in the Netherlands, the breed is not very well known nor widely represented. At the moment this statistic read (2006), not more than 20 dogs are registered here. In 2009 there were 9 dogs official imported. In 2010 the total estimated population here is between 40 and 60 dogs. This includes dogs without pedigree. The Peruvian Hairless is a companion dog as well as a guard dog with hunting instinct. The breed is placed in the category of ancient types due to the fact that the breed's history goes way back in time. Its behavior and character is also extremely natural, meaning this breed does need an owner who understands canine behavior.
The most unique trait of the breed is of course the lack of hair on the body. Only in certain places is it permitted to have short straight hair. (see the breed standard
The care of the Peruvian Hairless Dog is definitely not less than that of a coated dog, only different. Two things that often occur on the Peruvian Hairless are acne and a condition in which the edges of the ears become dry and can start to cleave. The skin needs to be taken care of on a regular basis and pimples sometimes need extra care to reduce the chance of spreading.
This breed can deal with cold weather, and should only need protection with extremely low temperatures for long periods of time, the smaller dogs needing protection sooner than the bigger ones. Sunlight can burn them, particularly the lighter colored dogs, or light or pale areas on darker dogs. You can protect these light colored areas from the sun by using a good sun screen. Slowly letting the dogs get used to sunlight during springtime, will turn the darker colored dogs even darker, and the chance on burns will be less.
Dentition in the hairless members of a hairless breed can be less than perfect. There can be missing teeth and misaligned teeth due to the action of the gene that causes hairlessness. The teeth can also often be smaller and weaker and less well rooted than those of coated dogs making them prone to breakage and/or early loss of teeth. As many tend to get plaque, taking good care of the teeth by brushing them few times a week or more can help keep the teeth in good condition. A very reasonable mouth for a hairless dog. Also pay attention to the straight upper canines, a characteristic trate of a hairless dog.
The breed characteristics of the Peruvian are shared mostly with the sight-hounds. He is gentle but not an overly slavish breed. One needs to earn his affection.
Proper training can help the Peruvian to be a reasonably obedient dog who can enjoy spending time with his owner. With a gentle mind, this breed needs a gentle touch. In the breed standard it is written, that the Peruvian is a noble and affectionate dog, yet independent.
The Peruvian is also a very alert dog and reserved to strangers. No need to point him to little sounds and birds for example, for he will see and hear all. The Peruvian does have a hunting instinct but with proper training the dog is generally good to accompany his owner on walks or expeditions. The Peruvian is also very energetic, yet with a good walk or good run outside, can be very content inside a home.
The Peruvian can often be primitive in his behavior. To understand this you would have to meet one. Of course every dog is different, the breed standard acting as a guide of what to expect, but not always consistent with every dogs personality. For example, the behavior of my dogs vary from obedient and affectionate to stubborn and very independent.
For questions about the breed you can always send us an e-mail